The Plunder of Nature and Knowledge
This intelligently argued book exposes the "new colonies" in the Northfs assault on the Southfs biological resources: the interior spaces of the bodies of women, plants and animals. Shiva argues that agreements such as the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) are based on Eurocentric notions of property and piracy, and work to enable Northern capital to appropriate biodiversity from its original owners. It does this by defining as "nonscience" the seeds, medicinal plants, and indigenous knowledge of the South, and by insisting on genetic engineering as the only yardstick of improvement. With specific consideration of gene-patenting, genetic engineering and biotechnology, and their profoundly disturbing consequences for women, the Third World and the environment, Biopiracy is essential reading for anyone concerned with feminism, the environment, technology and imperialism.
South End Press, 1997. paper; 148 pages. ISBN 0-89608-555-4. US$13.00
ECOFEMINISM: WOMEN, CULTURE, NATURE
Karen J. Warren (Ed.)
This book explores the real-life, experiential concerns that have motivated ecofeminism as a grassroots, women-initiated movement around the globe. It presents the works of scholars in a range of academic disciplines and vocational fields -- including anthropology, biology, chemical engineering, education, environmental studies, philosophy and literature -- which critically examine the application and appropriateness of ecofeminism to their research and to the people whose lives are touched by it. Together, the essays provide a balanced cross-cultural lens through which to begin to critically assess ecofeminism as a political movement and theoretical position.
Indiana University Press, 1997. paper; 454 pages. ISBN 0-253-21057-7. US$24.95
THE PAN-COMMONWEALTH TRAINING MODULE ON WOMEN AND NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
This unique Training Module examines issues in gender and natural resources, and explains how extension workers, trainers and policy-makers in government, institutions and NGOs can make use of womenfs knowledge for effective resource management. The resources from the Module distributed by Women, Ink. include (i) the Overview and (ii) four regional manuals. A video, "Women of the Rainforest" can be ordered directly from: Commonwealth Secretariat, Marlborough House, Pall Mall, London SW1Y 5HX, United Kingdom.
The Overview provides a concise review of women and natural resource management; discusses the linkages between gender and environmental management; and provides analytical tools to improve the ability of policy makers to evaluate the implications of these linkages. Addressing a variety of backgrounds and user needs, its sections -- worksheets, matrices and case-study summaries -- can be used as estand alonef pieces for training sessions or combined with other sections. This manual should ideally be used in conjunction with one of the region manuals. (See below).
Commonwealth Secretariat, 1996. paper; 68 pages. ISBN 0850-92-489-8. US$8.95
Each manual reviews the problems of environmental degradation in the region, and discusses appropriate approaches for working with rural women in conservation and agricultural development activities. It provides guidelines on communication, learning and analysis techniques for use in investigating local natural resource issues with rural women; presents case-studies of local-level organisations for conservation; and describes selected field techniques for conservation, including soil and water conservation, organic farming, agroforestry and conservation of indigenous living natural resources. Extensive examples; photographs and illustrations; training activities; figures and vignettes.
- A Manual for the Africa region
Commonwealth Secretariat, 1992. paper; 176 pages. ISBN 0-85092-465-0. US$10.95
- A Manual for the Asia Region
Commonwealth Secretariat, 1996. paper; 144 pages. ISBN 0-85092-481-2. US$10.95
- A Manual for the South Pacific region
Commonwealth Secretariat, 1996. paper; 141 pages. ISBN 0-85092-464-2. US$10.95
- A Manual for the Caribbean region
Commonwealth Secretariat, 1996. paper; 116 pages. ISBN 0-85092-486-3. US$10.95
Towards Sustainable Development
Naresh Singh and Vangile Titi (Eds.)
This study suggests that sustainable development requires that the idea of empowerment and its practical institutionalisation -- in the law, the educational process, and the machinery of government -- become reality. It explores some of the multiple ways in which this approach could become a reality, as well as the difficulties that stand in the way. Based on a workshop by the International Institute for Sustainable Development (Toronto 1993), the collection presents a framework to advance concepts and actions aimed at catalysing the transition from poverty to sustainable livelihoods. It overviews empowerment methods and challenges; highlights the need for reforms inherent in the principles of sustainable development; examines education as an empowerment tool; and indicates principles such as accountability and democracy which must inform an operational strategy of empowerment.
Zed Books, 1995. paper; 198 pp. ISBN 1-85649-374-1 US$22.50
Marie Mies and Vandana Shiva
The authors, renowned for their work on feminist theory and environmental issues, scrutinise prevailing economic analyses, the notion of 'development', the philosophical foundation of science, and the ethics of reproductive and bio-technologies. Weaving together women's perspectives worldwide into a collective definition of ecofeminism, this book redefines sustainable development and suggests applications of ecofeminism to everyday decisions and long-term global preservation.
Zed Books, 1993. paper; 336 pp. ISBN 1-85649-156-0 US$19.95
FEMINIST PERSPECTIVES ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Shifting Knowledge Boundaries
Wendy Harcourt (Ed.)
Feminist Perspectives develops a consensus around building linkages between gender equity, food security and survival, ecological preservation, and political participation. The essays discuss the challenges posed by feminist research to the sustainable development debate, and women's contribution to the Earth Summit (Rio 1992). The last section discusses the relationship between population, women, and environment.
Zed Books/Society for International Development, 1994. paper; 272 pp. ISBN 1-85649-244-3 US$22.50
FEMINIST POLITICAL ECOLOGY
Global Issues and Local Experiences
Dianne Rocheleau, Barbara Thomas-Slayter and Esther Wangari (Eds.)
Women are often at the centre of struggles concerning local knowledge, sustainable development, environmental quality, and social justice. Feminist Political Ecology explores the gendered relations of ecologies, economics, and politics in communities ranging from rubber tappers in the Amazon rainforests to groups fighting environmental racism in New York City.
The book constitutes an explicit effort to integrate feminist and political ecology scholarship, based on collaborative field research. The first group of case studies introduces examples of gendered environmental organisations and movements. The second examines gendered access to resources, decisions, and technologies in agrarian communities. The third addresses the application of feminist political ecology research and the gender division of knowledge and authority in environmental science and management. This book bridges the gap between the academic and the rural orientation of political ecology and the largely activist and urban focus of environmental justice movements. Tables; figures.
Routledge, 1996. paper; 327 pp. ISBN 0-415-12027-6 US$19.95
GENDER AND ENVIRONMENT
Lessons from Social Forestry and Natural Resource Management
Sarah T. Warren (Ed.)
This sourcebook, based on a 1990 Aga Khan Foundation Canada workshop, compiles information and training tools on women and natural resources for project managers and educators. Background articles explore theoretical issues and case studies from India, Pakistan, and Kenya ground the discussion in contextual considerations. Includes: questions for discussion; practical exercises; bibliography; glossary.
Aga Khan Foundation Canada, 1992. paper; 97 pp. US$9.95
SEE ALSO: Commitment to the World's Women (Category: Theoretical and Conceptual Issues).
Gender and Sustainable Development.
Development Crisis and Alternative Visions.
GENDER, POVERTY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Towards a Holistic Framework
Noeleen Heyzer and Vivienne Wee
Although the recent United Nations conferences (Rio, Vienna, Cairo and Copenhagen) have achieved greater international consensus, serious gaps remain between the rhetoric of international declarations and the real world of unsustainable and inequitable development processes. Gender, Poverty and Sustainable Development presents a holistic analysis of the structural causes of poverty and of the intrinsic linkage between unsustainability and poverty.
The authors suggest a strategy of transformation to restore current ecological and social balance, supporting their argument with 17 case studies from the Asian and Pacific region. This important addition to the critical rethinking of development should be required reading for development practitioners and students and researchers of development, especially those interested in the Asia-Pacific region.
Engender (Second Edition), April 1997. paper; 168 pp. ISBN 981-00-6993-6 US$15.00
WOMEN AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA
Valentine Udoh James (Ed.)
This book argues for the full integration of women into the planning, construction, and implementation of development schemes in Africa for these to be successful and sustainable. This is elaborated with particular reference to African women farmers who function as entrepreneurs, food providers, educators, and role models. Case studies are presented from Zaire, Ethiopia, Southern Ghana, Malawi, and Nigeria. Tables; figures; photographs.
Praeger Publishers, 1995. paper; 203 pp. ISBN 0-275-95399-8 US$18.95
SEE ALSO: Women Wielding the Hoe (Category: Agriculture).
African Women and Development.
WOMEN, THE ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Towards a Theoretical Synthesis
Rosi Braidotti, Ewa Charkiewicz, Sabine Hausler and Saskia Wieringa
This study reviews current critiques of various models of development: feminist analysis of Science; Women, Environment and Development; Alternative Development; Environmental Reformism; and Deep Ecology, Social Ecology and Ecofeminism. The contributors offer a feminist framework with the basic values of holism, autonomy, self-reliance, sustainability, mutualism, justice, autonomy, and peace.
Zed Books, 1994. paper; 240 pp. ISBN 1-85649-184-6 US$19.95
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